Bakelite Invention by Baekeland is one of the most important inventions in the world of plastics! This invention, made in 1907, introduced a very important polymer to the world industry. Professor Baekeland has made this material with many different experiments; He was inspired by about 5,000 years ago how copper and bronze were made with different alloys. In this article, we ask PETROPROVIDERS to see Bakelite Invention; So be with us.

The century of polymers and the production of the world’s first synthetic plastic!

polymer products

polymer products

In this century, known as the century of plastics and polymers, we learned how humans could produce iron about 5,000 years ago. In addition, how they could make different alloys using copper and make good use of bronze. In general, the beginning of the era of plastics happened in 1907! On the day Leo Baekeland invented Bakelite.

Let’s pay a little attention to detail! Plastic is a Greek word that means molding. This material is known as a very common name for all types of synthetic polymers!

Polymers are made up of smaller molecules called monomers; As a large number of monomers bind together to form long chains. These long chains are called polymers. It should be noted that not all polymers are made this way.

There are thousands of different types of polymers around the world; For example, we see all kinds of synthetic polymers and natural polymers around the world. The most important and abundant natural polymer in the world is cellulose. This polymer is naturally present in the structure of plants and trees.

In our human body, there are also a variety of polymers such as proteins as well as DNA. In the past, polymers were not fully known until 1900; But experiments by the British chemist Thomas Graham found that in 1861, when compounds were dissolved in solution, they did not pass through a filter and some compounds remained crystalline.

Thomas thought that these materials had a different structure from the raw material and called them colloids. “Colloid” was a Greek name used to mean glue; Which means that these materials do not pass through the filter and remain in the filters.

In the following, we want to see the Bakelite Invention process; The story will be more interesting!

Bakelite invention using Bakelizer

Bakelite invention using Bakelizer

Bakelite invention using Bakelizer

In 1899, Baekeland, who invented VELOX photographic paper, was a rich man! He had many houses and built his laboratories in them. At the time, Baekeland and other scientists knew that phenol-formaldehyde resins were used to disinfect various materials.

According to a chemist, the combination of a disinfectant with formaldehyde produced a hard, insoluble substance that ruined his laboratory equipment! This was because it could not be separated after it was formed.

Another scientist tested that this reaction is done correctly; He also concluded that the product material is an insoluble and hard amorphous material. So he concluded that it would have few applications.

In 1902, a German chemist patented a resin with a modified combination of previous chemist scientists. In addition, seven other scientists tested different combinations of phenol and formaldehyde for a combination of durable plastic molding. But no good results were obtained from any of these experiments!

But Baekeland and his colleagues, along with several other researchers, performed various experiments on resins to compensate for the lack of insulation in electrical cables that were widely used in industry. One of the most important resins is created by an insect on the tree, which is obtained by the process of scraping sediments from the tree.

Subsequently, Baekeland et al. Produced a layer of phenol-formaldehyde called novalac, but this production could not reach the world level! But in 1907, Baekeland remained steadfast in its efforts. He impregnated the wood with a synthetic resin to strengthen it.

A few months later Baekeland picked up his notebook and started writing! He wrote in these writings that impregnating wood with resistant resins produces hardwood; This caused some of the gum to dry out and be placed outside the wood.

Interesting results recorded by Baekeland

Interesting results recorded by Baekeland

Interesting results recorded by Baekeland

Baekeland wrote in his memoirs that formaldehyde reacts before it evaporates. It also evaporates before the reaction, and at this stage, if water can be used with a boiling organic substance without a catalyst, interesting results can be obtained.

He concluded that if I evaporated hard gum in the open air, I could harden it. But if I did it indoors, I would not succeed.

That’s why he made an open conical tube made of asbestos fiber for his experiments. In addition, heat a tube at 140 to 159 ° C for four hours. In the results of that day, Baekeland wrote:

“These reactions were satisfactory; I found the tube but it was most likely broken by irregular expansion. He saw that the wood obtained was very hard; in addition, there was a yellow substance at the end of the tube. And there was hard and similar.”

He then introduced a variety of products into the pipes and chose different names for them. In the process of Bakelite Invention, he recorded a very interesting material for the production of various types of black lamps. He named the substance C so that it could be mass-produced.

Following Bakelite Invention, he also referred to Article D as C. In general, the main process for producing bakelite was to reach the final product, which is C. He pressed this substance and produced it. Baekeland used this machine for Bakelite Invention, called Bakelizer.

After naming the device, he announced the invention of a new polymer material (Bakelite Invention) to the world in a public announcement. He stated that in different reactions, he made different materials, each of which was brittle. But in these reactions he was able to select very small base values; Then make a solid compact material that has both good resistance to impact and heat and electricity and is easily molded.

Bakeke production started by Baekeland

In 1906, the first sample of this material was made. In total, Baekeland has patented more than 400 inventions using Bakelite, all of which have been obtained through various experiments and experiments!

He started his production as a semi-commercial and personal laboratory. In 1910, bakelite was used to make various types of electrical insulation; For this reason, an American company acquired the rights to make this material.

The most important applications of bakelite after registration Bakelite Invention

Bakelite is used to produce a variety of plastic products. This material is used to produce various types of electrical insulation suitable for electrical wires, meter insulation, and electrical terminal insulation. It is interesting to know that bakelite is also used in the automotive industry for the production of auto parts.

In addition, Bakelite Invention has led to a variety of applications in the aircraft industry. It is interesting to know that if bakelite is used to make different products, it will increase the strength of the final products. In addition, it increases the efficiency of various reactions.

It should be noted that after Bakelite Invention, the use of this substance has become very popular in global markets. This material is used to produce a variety of products in the medical and plastics industries. It should be noted that if you use bakelite to produce a variety of food packaging products, you can!

According to FDA approval for this substance, the use of bakelite will not cause any harm to human and animal health. When using bakelite, be careful to recycle this material well.

Partial recycling of bakelite is not cost-effective for factories; For this reason, this material is widely recycled in various industries and is used to produce new bakelite. It should be noted that the recycling of this material will also reduce environmental pollution.

Bakelite Invention has led to many advances in the polymer industry. Again, it is very interesting that the first industrially produced polymer, called plastic, is called bakelite!

At present, we at PETROPROVIDERS, Iran Bakelite offer you the best quality and the best price. To buy Iran Bakelite with the best quality, you can contact us. You can also share your opinions about Bakelite Invention with us in the comments section.


What is the first polymer made in the world?

Bakelite, created by scientist Leo Baekeland, was the world's first synthetic polymer.

What is Bakelite?

Bakelite is a polymer that was first produced using a Bakelizer.

What are the uses of bakelite?

The most important applications of bakelite are the production of durable plastic parts, car parts, and electrical wire insulation.

How to buy the best Bakelite Iran?

To buy the best Iran Bakelite, you can contact us.

Is it safe to use bakelite?

Yes! It is FDA approved and can be used to make a variety of products.