Natural and synthetic polymers are used in everyday life. Polymers can be produced naturally in plants and animals. Or be produced artificially in factories and laboratories. The use of polymers in various industries has made these materials very valuable.

In general, synthetic polymers are produced in different and desired shapes, and by changing the conditions of factories, various polymers can be produced. Synthetic polymers are also present in plants and animals, but different types of natural polymers cannot be produced. In this PETROPROVIDERS article, join us to show you Natural and synthetic polymers and their differences and similarities.

Introduction of natural polymers

natural polymers

natural polymers

Natural polymers are the product of natural processes. These substances are present in the body of animals, in plants, in the body of humans, and in aquatic animals. For example, proteins and DNA, honey, silk, RNA, amino acids, and sugars are all-natural polymers. These polymers are naturally present in the human body and life without polymers is not possible!

Natural polymers come in a variety of forms; For example, there are about 20 types of amino acids in the human body that makeup thousands of types of proteins. Each of these proteins is a polymer. It should be noted that different types of natural proteins have been discovered and there are thousands of other types of natural polymers. Do you think more natural polymers will be discovered in the future?

Introduction of synthetic polymers

Unlike natural polymers, synthetic polymers are produced by chemical processes. Synthetic polymers are produced in various industrial laboratories and factories and have various applications. Synthetic polymers are used in the engineering, automotive, medical, and pharmaceutical industries. For example, polymers are used to make different plastics.

Polyethylene, polystyrene, polyacrylic, Teflon, and PVC plastics are examples of synthetic polymers. Natural polymers are always produced; For example, carbohydrates, sugars, proteins, and DNA are always in production. But if synthetic polymers are not produced, they will not be produced anymore! Synthetic polymers must be produced in laboratories and factories. Rubbers, rubbers, nylon, building insulation, UPVC, and various plastics are examples of synthetic polymers.

Different types of natural polymers

Natural polymers are produced by natural processes. These polymers are not harmful at all; Rather, they are essential for human health and the environment. Natural polymers are used to make a variety of useful drugs and polymers. At present, in some developed countries of the world, the use of synthetic polymers is banned and natural polymers have replaced them.

In developing countries, synthetic polymers are produced and continue to be harmful to human health and the environment.

As mentioned, polymers are produced continuously. For example, we can mention the following natural polymers:

  • Polysaccharide particles such as fructose, lactose, glucose, and galactose
  • Polysaccharides are used in various industries.
  • Plants also contain carbohydrates. For example, vegetable starches and celluloses
  • Polypeptides
  • DNA
  • RNA
  • Amino acids
  • Polyamides

Natural and synthetic polymers are very similar! Because the synthesis of natural polymers is inspired by the structure of natural polymers.

Types of synthetic polymers

One of the most important polymers in various industries is polystyrene. This material is produced from styrene. Styrene is also obtained from petroleum derivatives. Polymers are used to make many plastics and chemicals. These materials are produced by various chemical reactions and are sold all over the world.

Synthetic polymers are divided into two categories: organic polymers and inorganic polymers. Organic polymers are made of hydrocarbon particles. These materials are very similar to natural polymers. Mineral polymers are also made from minerals. For example, polystyrene, polyethylene, Teflon, polypropylene, and PVC are types of mineral polymers.

What is the difference between natural rubber and synthetic rubber?

difference between natural and synthetic Polymers

difference between natural and synthetic Polymers

Rubbers can be found naturally and in nature. These materials are polymers and are made of different particles. Rubbers are also made with different processes in laboratories. Natural rubber is very viscous and has very low durability. If the raw materials of this material are released in the open air, they lose their properties.

By adding sulfur to this material, they can be made elastic. Synthetic rubbers are used to produce various polymeric materials.

These rubbers have different physical and chemical properties than natural rubbers. In general, laboratory reactions with set standards are used to make synthetic rubbers. Natural rubbers are made naturally and are more resistant than synthetic rubbers.

A summary of the review of Natural and synthetic polymers

In this article, we review Natural and synthetic polymers and their applications. These materials are used in various industries; In general, natural polymers exist naturally in the world and are made continuously. But synthetic polymers have to be produced in different laboratories and factories.

In general, synthetic polymers are produced in different and desired shapes, and by changing the conditions of factories, various polymers can be produced. Synthetic polymers are also present in plants and animals, but different types of natural polymers cannot be produced.

Natural polymers are found in human and animal bodies; For example, proteins, amino acids, DNA, and RNA are natural polymers. Synthetic polymers include polystyrene, polypropylene, polyethylene, and PVC.

What do you think about natural and synthetic polymers? Will the use of natural polymers replace synthetic polymers? In the comments section, you can tell us your questions about Natural and synthetic polymers. If this article was helpful to you, share it with your friends. If you want the best polymers, you can contact our experts.