Polymer Shaping is very important in different industries; Because polymers are used in various industries. In general, the 4 most important industries that use polymers are rubber, fibers, adhesives, and plastics.

These industries use a variety of market polymers to produce the best products. Normally, there are 3 types of polymers in the market: natural polymer, modified natural polymer, and synthetic polymer. In this PETROPROVIDERS article, join us to show you Polymer Shaping and its technologies.

Introducing various types of polymers widely used in industry

In general, there are different types of polymers in the market. This chemical is produced in various forms in molds and is used to produce various tools. This substance exists in various forms in nature, which is called a natural polymer.

Natural polymers are found in the bodies of animals, humans, and plants; For example, proteins, DNA, RNA, carbohydrates, and resins are polymers. Here are the most important polymers in the world:

Synthetic polymer and its applications

Synthetic polymer

Synthetic polymer

Synthetic polymers are produced in laboratories by polymerization reactions. These polymers are used to make musical instruments, auto parts, building materials, building insulation, medical and pharmaceutical equipment, disposable tableware, and adhesives. It should be noted that one of the most important synthetic polymers is polystyrene.

Polystyrene has a variety of applications in various industries. This material is used to produce various parts and is also used to make various plastics. In general, polystyrene is used to make durable and flexible plastics.

Polystyrenes are used in the manufacture of various resins such as fiberglass, rubber, ionic resins, and electronic insulation. In addition, polystyrene is used to make auto parts, appliances, toys, and building pipes.

Familiarity with Polymer Shaping and its technologies

One of the most important steps in the production of various materials is the formation of raw materials. Products must be optimized for different applications and have good impact resistance. The first step for Polymer Shaping is to add the material to the polymers to achieve the desired purity.

In the next step, the formation of the polymer begins. At this stage, the raw materials are prepared and the forming processes are standardized. Then, by heating the polymer, they soften them and then, by cooling them, turn them into desired shapes.

Polymer Shaping processes are divided into two categories: continuous processes and discontinuous processes. In continuous processes, the material continuously enters the forming cycle. But in discontinuous processes, materials react at different intervals and different parts of the cycle are at rest.

Here are the most important Polymer Shaping technologies:

Injection molding process

In this process, which is performed discontinuously, a sample is created in each cycle. For injection molding, the raw materials are heated and entered into the mold. These materials are then molded and then cooled. The material then comes out of the mold and the molding machine cools.

It should be noted that different molding conditions, such as the type of process, the properties of the polymer, and its structural properties, depending on the desired standards.

Extrusion technology

This is one of the most common methods for Polymer Shaping. This process is quite continuous, unlike injection molding. It should be noted that the materials in this technology, after passing through the funnel, enter the extruder and are heated and melted. Then they enter the mold and with high pressure, they turn into the desired shape.

After these steps, the material is thrown out and the device cools. This method is one of the most important methods for Polymer Shaping; Because it is cheap and easy to do.

Thermoforming technology

In this process, various polymer plates are reacted as raw material. These materials enter the cycle and are heated to the desired temperature. Then, these materials soften and are applied to the wall by applying pressure. This material cools and comes out of the mold; Then, the molds and cycle devices are cooled.

Blow molding technology

In this reaction, the polymers enter a special mold as a hollow cylinder. Then, a lot of pressure is applied to this material, and the air is drawn out of the mold. This is like making glass! In this process, the polymer, after forming, is directed towards the wall and leaves the mold.

Calendaring technology for Polymer Shaping

In this method, thin sheets of plastic are inserted into the machine and compressed in a tight space. This method of forming polymers is very suitable for materials such as PVC. It should be noted that this method is used in the metal, textile, and paper industries.

Production of Films for Polymer Shaping

One of the most important methods of producing plastic sheets is the use of the film production method. This method is done after blow molding. In this method, the material is melted and enters the mold in a hollow cylinder. Then, the material turns into a mold and is removed by wind pressure.

A summary of the review of Polymer Shaping technologies

Polymer Shaping

Polymer Shaping

In this article, we saw the types of Polymer Shaping methods and their technologies. 4 industries in the world use polymers. These industries include the rubber, fiber, adhesive and plastic industries. These industries use a variety of polymers available in the markets to produce the best products. In general, there are 3 types of polymers worldwide: natural polymer, modified natural polymer, and synthetic polymer.

There are several methods for producing and shaping polymers. In this article, we show you the best and most widely used methods for Polymer Shaping. These methods are performed in standard conditions and compliance with health rules. Therefore, for molding polymers, the use of these methods is mandatory.

Also, keep in mind that the use of polymers in various industries is harmful to humans and the environment. If it catches fire, it can produce toxic and dangerous gases. For example, if polystyrene catches fire, it produces toxic fumes that damage the human lungs and lungs.

What do you think about Polymer Shaping? Will polymers be produced forever? Will more standards be set to determine the status of polymer production? You can share this article with your friends so that they can get acquainted with the methods of producing polymers. To buy the best polymers, you can contact our experts.