PolyStyrene Materials are composed of styrene monomers. This substance is usually fragrant and is produced in white color. Polystyrenes have various and interesting applications in different industries. It is extracted from oil and mass-produced worldwide.

PolyStyrene Materials have two carbon and hydrogen atoms bonded together by Wonder Waltz bonds. These atoms make very strong molecules together. This material melts at very high temperatures and can be converted into various forms. In this PetroProviders article, join us to introduce you to PolyStyrene Materials.

Introducing the complete structure of PolyStyrene Materials

In general, it contains carbon and hydrogen atoms. These atoms are known by the general formula (C8H8)n. This formula is written in a completely scientific way; The number 8 represents 8 carbon atoms and 8 hydrogen atoms per unit of styrene. The letter n indicates the number of monomers placed next to each other. This chemical formula is a summary of the structure of styrene. If we have 1000 styrene monomers in polystyrene, that is, there are 8000 carbon atoms and 8000 hydrogen atoms in the polystyrene in question.

This substance has very strong bonds between its atoms. These Wonder Waltz bonds make polystyrene extremely strong. It should be noted that polystyrene melts in the face of extreme heat and loses its strength.

In general, PolyStyrene Materials can be combined with other materials. These materials increase the strength of polystyrene. Various studies have shown that polystyrenes can respond well to arbitrary reactions. It should be noted that polystyrenes are resistant to weak acids and alkalis; But if they come in contact with strong acids, they will be damaged.

structure of PolyStyrene

structure of PolyStyrene

In the following, we will see different grades of polystyrene and its ingredients. So be ready to enter the world of polystyrene!

General Purpose Polystyrene or GPPS Ingredients

One of the simplest grades of polystyrene is GPPS. This polystyrene is transparent and easily produced and recycled. GPPS can be used to produce disposable tableware and plastics in a variety of industries. In addition, GPPS can be used to produce building insulation and auto parts.

The ingredients of General Purpose polystyrene are styrene monomers that together form a styrene polymer.

High Impact polystyrene or HIPS ingredients

This grade is slightly more resistant than GPPS. This polystyrene has less transparency than GPPS and can be used as a shock absorber. In addition, HIPS is used to make a variety of plastic devices. This material is used in various industries and it can be easily produced and recycled.

Extruded polystyrene or XPS ingredients

Another grade of PS is extruded polystyrene or XPS. This grade is very popular in various industries and is currently the most expensive grade of polystyrene! This material is used in various medical, pharmaceutical, automotive, and construction industries. This material is very valuable; Because it is used to make impact-resistant plastics and sound insulation.

PolyStyrene Materials in this grade are the same as other polystyrene grades. The only difference is that XPS is injected after molding. This allows the structure of this material to be regulated and easily converted to other materials.

What are PolyStyrene Materials in EPS?

PolyStyrene Materials in EPS

PolyStyrene Materials in EPS

Another grade of polystyrene is expanded polystyrene or EPS. This polystyrene is widely used in construction. This polymer is a very suitable alternative for cement and cement concretes. With EPS, the dead load of the building is reduced. This makes the building very earthquake-resistant. In addition, using this polymer in construction can save costs.

Summary of PolyStyrene Materials Review

In this article, we saw all the features of polystyrene and its applications. As mentioned, this material is used in various industries. In addition, it can be used to make various plastics. It is very durable and usually looks transparent.

Polystyrenes have 4 different grades. These 4 grades are GPPS grade, HIPS grade, XPS grade, and EPS grade. In general, PolyStyrene Materials are the same in these grades; But their production methods are different. For this reason, we see different grades of polystyrene in different industries.

The general structure of polystyrene is shown by the formula (C8H8)n. This formula represents a styrene unit. This unit has Wonder Waltz bonds between hydrogen and carbon atoms. So polystyrene can be called a material consisting of thousands of styrenes!

What do you think about PolyStyrene Materials? We are proud to be able to show you a lot of information about polystyrenes and their applications. You can read other articles on our website and increase your knowledge about polymers. If you have questions about polymers and their applications, you can contact us and our experts or email us. Just as easily!